How long does it take after getting the COVID-19 vaccine until you have protection?

After your final COVID-19 vaccine dose, it takes about two weeks for your body to build up protection. After those two weeks, we know these vaccines are good at preventing people from getting sick, but we don’t have enough data yet to say whether someone who was vaccinated may still spread the disease to others if they get infected with COVID-19.

It is important you continue to follow all public health guidance to reduce the spread of COVID-19 even after you have been fully vaccinated. This includes wearing a mask, staying six feet from others, avoiding crowds, washing your hands and getting tested for COVID-19 when needed. Continue to follow guidance at your workplace, school and other settings as well.

At this time, we do not know if this will be a vaccine that people need to get again, like needing a tetanus shot every 10  years or getting a flu shot every year.

Show All Answers

1. When will I get my vaccine?
2. Where can I get the latest information regarding vaccine distribution in Minnesota?
3. Is the vaccine safe?
4. How many shots of COVID-19 vaccine will be needed?
5. Will a COVID-19 vaccination protect me from getting sick with COVID-19?
6. How long does it take after getting the COVID-19 vaccine until you have protection?
7. What if I have a weakened immune system?
8. How much will the COVID-19 vaccine cost?
9. Will the vaccine be live or inactivated?
10. What are the ingredients in COVID-19 vaccines?
11. Do I need to get the vaccine if I’ve already had COVID-19 and recovered?
12. Which last longer, immunity after getting COVID-19 or protection from COVID-19 vaccines?
13. Do I need to wear a mask and avoid close contact with others if I have received two doses of the vaccine?
14. Can the COVID-19 vaccine affect women’s fertility?
15. Where can I learn more about the available vaccines?
16. How do I find a record of my vaccination?