How long does it take after getting the COVID-19 vaccine until you have protection?

Two doses are needed for the two COVID-19 vaccines from Pfizer and Moderna. The time between the doses depends on the vaccine you are getting. The Pfizer vaccine must be given 21 days (three weeks) apart and the Moderna vaccine must be given 28 days apart (four weeks).

It is very important that you get both vaccine doses, the same product for each dose, and that the doses are given at the correct time apart. The vaccine is only fully effective with both doses of vaccine. If someone only gets one dose, they may not be protected (immune) against COVID-19. 

After the second dose, it takes about two weeks for your body to build up protection, so it’s about six weeks total from the first vaccine dose to when you should be fully protected.

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1. When will I get my vaccine?
2. Where can I get the latest information regarding vaccine distribution in Minnesota?
3. Is the vaccine safe?
4. Will the COVID-19 vaccine be required?
5. How many shots of COVID-19 vaccine will be needed?
6. Will a COVID-19 vaccination protect me from getting sick with COVID-19?
7. How long does it take after getting the COVID-19 vaccine until you have protection?
8. What if I have a weakened immune system?
9. How much will the COVID-19 vaccine cost?
10. Can I get a vaccine through Minnesota's community program?
11. Will the vaccine be live or inactivated?
12. What are the ingredients in COVID-19 vaccines?
13. Do I need to get the vaccine if I’ve already had COVID-19 and recovered?
14. Which last longer, immunity after getting COVID-19 or protection from COVID-19 vaccines?
15. Do I need to wear a mask and avoid close contact with others if I have received two doses of the vaccine?